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Making and operating molecular machines.
Baroncini M., Groppi J., Casimiro L., Silvi S., Credi A.
The construction and operation of machines at the extreme stage of miniaturization that is, at the molecular level is a fascinating challenge of nanoscience and an important objective of nanotechnology. In a not-too-distant future, species of this kind could find applications in fields such as materials science, information technology, energy conversion, diagnostics, and medicine. The strategies for the design of molecular machines and motors will be presented, and the level of sophistication reached by these systems will be illustrated by describing a selected number of examples investigated in our laboratory, including nanoscale elevators, sunlight-powered molecular shuttles and supramolecular pumps.